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Legendary Clawhammer Banjo Stylist James Watson Dies

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James Watson and Grandpa JoneFolk musician James Watson, 81, of Roanoke, Ala., died June 1, 2017 at his home from pulmonary heart disease and complications of type II diabetes, according to a family representative. Watson, a clawhammer banjo stylist, appeared multiple times at America's National Folk Festival, National Black Arts Festival, 1982 World's Fair, 1996 Olympics, colleges, numerous bluegrass festivals and folk festivals. He was often seen on PBS in shows such as "Tonight at Ferlinghettis" and the Alan Lomax production "The Appalachian Journey."

Watson became known as the hard-drivin' musical sideman spending over 20 years of his career with the last old time Georgia fiddle band to be recognized as part of that unique historical segment of the country music genre – Doodle and the Golden River Grass. The band which began as a square dance band in 1963, became a popular folk act traveling from Tallapoosa, Ga. featuring comedy, Appalachian folk songs and upbeat tunes centered around several fiddlers – Seals Hicks, Bill Kee, Paul Wallace, Randall Franks, and Jerry Wesley; John "Doodle" Thrower's harmonica; and beginning in the 1970s, Watson's clawhammer banjo. Other long-running band members were C.J. Clackum (guitar), Wesley Clackum (guitar and mandolin), the late Lynn Elliott (guitar), and the late Gene Daniell (bass).

His banjo-playing uncle, Jack Edmondson of Wedowee, Ala. was responsible for Watson becoming a banjo player. Watson began his professional entertainment career at age 11 in 1947 with fiddler with Pappy Lee (Farmer) and the Chillun' moving from banjo to play guitar appearing on WELR in Roanoke. As the children grew, the group became Pappy Lee and the Playboys in the 1950s. In his later career, the band Randolph County was among the acts with which he performed.

Watson said in an April 2017 interview that he is amazed where his banjo took him.

"I have played for so many wonderful folks, been places an old country boy from an Alabama cotton mill village could never imagine," he said. "I knew that there was only one place for my banjo playing and that was with Doodle and the Golden River Grass. Our sound made people happy, whether we were on stage or in the parking lot jamming. It's amazing to think of millions of folks we reached."

Watson also said he was so honored that so many of his music heroes became lifelong friends.

One of those heroes was Earl Scruggs, who James met by chance in 1964, when he took a trip to Nashville, drove to Scruggs' home and found him standing by the mailbox.

"He turned out to be one of the friendliest fellows I've ever met," he said.

Watson said that visit gained him a tone ring from Scrugg's own banjo that added to the amazing sound which came from his 1950 Gibson bowtie banjo. On the same trip, Watson met the King of Country Music Roy Acuff and Grand Ole Opry star Bashful Brother Oswald.

He said the two gave him a chance to play "Shout Little Lula" on another hero's banjo, a museum piece of early WSM star Uncle Dave Macon.

His unique stylings drew the attention of numerous performers with whom he made major concert appearances including Country Music Hall of Famer Grandpa Jones, who often asked Watson to join him for banjo duets, and Hee Haw star Roni Stoneman.

Watson was often the punch line of the jokes shared by Golden River Grass front man "Doodle" Thrower, who died in 1994.

"Doodle was amazing at working a crowd, he brought a smile to everyone's face and shared the audience's love with all of us and especially with me with his jokes," he said. "We both grew up playing those old time tunes and when we got to going, me and him would stand for hours having a good time. It just made people's hearts want to dance. After Doodle went on, while the music was still there, it took so much away from what we did, it wasn't the Golden River Grass no more."

Watson's recording discography includes 17 albums with the Golden River Grass including the his "Mountain Clawhammer Way Down in the Country" released by Attieram in 1986. Other collections including his work are the Grammy ® winning "The Art of Field Recording Vol. I" (2007), Vol. II (2009), and Sampler (2006) from Dust-to-Digital; "Georgia Fiddle Bands" (1982); "Georgia Folk: A Sampling of Traditional Sounds" (1997) from Global Village; "Black and White" (2010); and "The Alan Lomax Collection from the American Folk Life Center" (2012).

Producer and American film/TV actor Randall Franks, who fiddled with the Golden River Grass, is working with Grammy-winning engineer Michael Graves to restore and compile a Golden River Grass anthology including Watson's popular banjo release.

"James had an amazing ability to create a rhythm that allowed a fiddler to just go anywhere musically they could reach while he never veered or slowed his steam – 'no dragging' as he would say," Franks said. "His lead playing was unique to himself and though he looked to Uncle Dave Macon and Grandpa Jones as inspirations, he was original in what he did, always sharing an intensity and concentration that thrilled the audience. There was no one in folk, bluegrass or country who brought to the stage what he did."

Watson's career is honored with a museum exhibit in his hometown of Roanoke, Ala. at the Randolph County Historical Museum. He also had a feature exhibit in the Georgia Music Hall of Fame in Macon, Ga. from 1996-2010 and was inducted into the Atlanta Country Music Hall of Fame in 2007.

Services are yet to be set and are being handled by Quattlebaum Funeral Home in Roanoke. In lieu of flowers, memorial gifts may be made to the Share America Foundation, Inc., P.O. Box 42, Tunnel Hill, Ga. 30755 for its Appalachian music scholarship.

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